The Challenges of Bringing Piped Water to

Whilst piped water is common in dense urban centres, bringing piped water to (semi-)rural populations presents extra difficulties due to the lack of access to finance pertaining to multiple barriers:

Rural Areas

High infrastructure costs (CAPEX)

Hard-to-reach area

Small project size

Limited local capacity

This is what TapEffect is trying to solve!

Did you know?

In Cambodia, 8 million people could get a TapEffect water tap at home!


TapEffect seeks to tackle this problem by implementing and operating portfolios of piped water systems in these rural hard-to-reach areas


Normal water utilities usually integrate a costly custom design process, high skilled experts and testing on-site. TapEffect seeks to do the opposite.


In contrast, our business model is based on a standardized approach to minimize the design/development costs and support limited on-site capacities with appropriate technologies and technical assistance.

System Sustainability

Our Revenue Model

Each water system = 1,000 – 10,000 households.
Each household pays:

Connection Fee


Water Bill

approx. $5 per month

Our Solution

Business Development

• Site selection

• Feasibility studies

• Licensing & agreements

• Community engagement & sales

• Strategical Partnerships for Scalability


• Aggregation of projects for financing

• Finance management

• Sizing tools for techno-commercial evaluation

• Risk assessment framework

• Project model forecasts

Project Supervision

• Overall project supervision

• Procurement management

• Design & technology selection

• Contractor 

Asset Management

• Portfolio management tools

• Remote monitoring (using a basic SCADA system)

• Digital payment systems

• Water safety planning

Our water safety plan is based
on a continuous improvement cycle

1. Engage
5. Review & Improve the implementation
4. Monitor
control measures
& verify efficacy
2. Plan
water supply
3. Assess risks
& existing control measures

Water Safety Planning

To ensure sustainability, piped water supply needs to be seen as an ongoing process rather than a once-off installation.


This is Water Safety Planning


Other Water Products

Did you know?

Most water collecting activities in the world are performed by women and girls (UNICEF)

Tap Water

Water Filter

X Inconvenient & lengthy process 

X Requires a water source

X Mostly suitable for drinking

Bottled Water


Use of plastic (both single use and reusable)

X Sometimes untreated

Mostly suitable for drinking

Did you know?

443 million school days are lost each year to water-relate illness (UNHDR)

Trucked-In Water


X Sometimes untreated

X Necessitates proper storage

Water Pump

X Inconvenient & lengthy process 

X Necessitates proper storage

X Can be far away

X Often abandoned

after project's completion 

X Requires maintenance 


X Inconvenient & lengthy process 

Necessitates proper storage

X Sometimes unreliable

Can be far away

X Often abandoned

after project's completion 

Requires maintenance 


Unsafe, or requires filtering method

X Necessitates proper storage

X Mostly suitable for domestic purposes

Sometimes unreliable

X Can be far away

Tap Water (piped)

 Readily available on premises


✓ Treated, suitable for drinking

✓ For all purposes


A sustainable solution

The Pilot

The 1-Unit “1U” Project

Scaling the Impacts

The Portfolio "P1"

Why we built this: it gave us some country specific experience and a site for sandboxing ideas – plus it brought in the first investor. In Cambodia, it also allows us to test technologies to smooth

Why we are building this: this is the real size thing – we want to build systems just like this again and again. Our 1U project has a $500k capex, has over 14,000 people within the covered area, and connects 10 schools and 2 HCFs

What’s next up: A portfolio of systems. Each just like the 1U and managed as a portfolio. These systems will be planned together, financed together, built together and operated together.

© 2019 A new vision by TapEffect

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